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Romania, the Leader of the Caviar Export
industrial fishing diminished the number of the sturgeons in the Delta. This statement showed that the Minister didnât know that there has always been industrial fishing in the Delta, this being the present activity of 300 professional anglers. The (absurd) solution that the Minister proposed was that the anglers should practice sportive fishing and a compensation for the incomes of the 300 anglers, which is about 1 billion lei every year, should be found. This turned into an aberrant prohibition order for the sturgeons. During the spring, the same Minister agreed to the fishing of the sturgeons during the prohibition period! The document is registered with number 17/ 31st of March 2005, has been released by the National Agency for Fishing and Aquaculture, an institution subordinated to the Ministry of Agriculture, and allowed the company Kaviar House to fish sturgeons during the prohibition period. The permit, available through the 15th of July, allowed the company to capture sturgeons for reproduction in three capture areas on the Danube. This special authorization came with the environment authorization for special operations number 128/2005, released by ARBDD (Administration of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve) and signed by the institutionâs chief, Paul Cononov, the ashman-governor. The documents allowed the poaching. This way, even though the authorization released by ARBDD was saying that the Administration would monitor the capturing of the sturgeons, it also said that it would do this just by forcing Kaviar House to "notify each capture". In fact, anyone could fish the sturgeons for their caviar without notifying anything to the ARBDD. Moreover, Kaviar House was allowed to fish in some areas that had already been chartered to another company. THE EXPLANATION The National Agency for Fishing quickly agreed with ARBDD about the capture and the fishing areas and even though it hadnât been consulted, like the laws say, the Administration jumped to releasing the environment authorization in the same day, which led to the braking of another commercial contract as well. Even though the ashman-governor says it was all legal, no one has ever benefited from being allowed to fish during the prohibition, not even in the times of Ceausescu. Then, the Danube Delta had been governed arbitrary, in function of the economical needs. UNKNOWNS FOR THE SCIENTISTS Although they have been studying them for more than 100 years, the Romanian scientists still have a lot to find out about the sturgeons. Their main unknown is referring to the migration and the behavior during the spawning-time (including the behavior of coming back to the initial place of their birth/reproduction) of the main sturgeon species in the Danube. Then, another unknown is the localization in the inferior Danube (in the Romanian territory) of the essential habitats (for the eggsâ deposition and hibernation) of the sturgeon species in the Black Sea. They also donât know many things about the behavior in the first phases of the lives of the sturgeon species in the Danube, and about the way in which the young sturgeons in the Black Sea swim down the stream (including here the group behavior). The researches are yet to discover the genetic map of the sturgeons in the Black Sea, and the mechanisms that determine the dynamics of the sturgeon species in the sea. The research methods arenât in perfect tune in what concerns the studying of the group behavior of the young sturgeons during different stages of their lives, in the Danube and on the shore of the Black Sea. NUMBER 1 In 2001, some strict regulations regarding the sturgeon species were introduced. They were referring to seals for each captured fish or to reports of the captures at every 24 hours. These measures determined the CITES convention to modify Romaniaâs quotation. However, in the same time, they decided for the decrease by 50% of the quotations of the countries from the area of the Caspian Sea, like Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran, because these states didnât take any measures for monitoring the sturgeons. Together, the two CITES decisions made Romania the world leader of the sturgeon caviar exporters.
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